Tag Archives | add

Attention Deficit Disorder and Studying

A child that has attention deficit disorder (ADD) will often have trouble focusing enough to study efficiently.  By definition, having ADD means struggling to spend long periods of time studying and working.  However, there are little changes that your child can make to his study routine that will help him get more out of his studying.

Take Breaks Often

You may feel that children should work on school work until it is completely done.  For a child with ADD though, prolonged study periods with no breaks will just cause them to lose focus even more.  A better plan is to spend a set amount of time studying and then take a 5 – 10 minute break.  For example, spend 20 minutes studying for that History test and then let your child have a 5 minute break to run outside, have a snack, or even play a level of a video game.  If you are homeschooling, do one subject and then take a longer break (10 to 20 minutes).  True, the work may take longer over all, but your child will remember more.

Switch Between Subjects

If your child has several tests or quizzes to study for, it may help to switch back and forth between the subjects.  For example, if your child has a Spelling test and a History quiz, spend ten minutes studying the Spelling words.  Quiz him on the words and mark the ones he gets wrong.  Then switch to studying History.  After ten minutes of History, go back to studying Spelling.  Spending long periods of time on one subject can mean that your child loses his focus and is really just staring at the papers while thinking about other things.  Switching back and forth will keep their focus on what you want them to study instead of other things.

Find a Quiet Place

One of the best things you can do for your child with ADD is to set up a quiet place for them to work or study.  Remember they are easily distracted so any noise and chaos just pulls their focus away from their work.  Find a quiet place in your house where they can work.  Make sure they turn off any music, television, or video games.  It doesn’t have to be a whole room.  It could be something as simple as a beanbag chair in a bedroom that nobody else will be in.

You can help your child with attention deficit disorder study more effectively if you let them study for short time periods in a quiet place.  Studying is hard work for children, but it is important.  What have you found that helps your ADD child study better?

Photo by: Practical Cures


Behavior Management Tips & Tricks for ADD & ADHD Students

Students with ADD and ADHD have difficulty focusing and concentrating in class.  In the inclusion setting, these difficulties can be displayed via various attention seeking behaviors including calling out in class and other disruptive behaviors that affect the learning environment of all students.  Typical behavior management techniques like rewards, redirection, and providing explicit instruction do not always resolve the issue, especially for tweens and teens.  Creative management techniques may be the answer.


Be Consistent

Students with ADD or ADHD do benefit from a structured environment.  In a structured environment, the students should be provided not only explicit directions, but also have the behavior and academic expectations modeled to them on a consistent basis.  The teacher needs to be consistent with praise, punishment, and upholding high standards both academically and behaviorally.  Both praise and consequences should be given immediately.  This way, the student can attach the feedback to the action.   When administering consequences, be aware of how the student may feel if they are singled out in the classroom.  If the student is sensitive, consequences should be handled in a manner to make the student not retract or feel defensive.

Creative Positive Reinforcement

Creative positive reinforcement techniques must be used with tweens and teens.  Typically, behavior charts and prizes are not the reinforcement they are looking for the most.  However, I have had a good response with verbal and written praise.  I have had many students with ADHD want to have a daily update on “how did I do” or “did I do better today”.  I will respond with explicitly what was good or bad.  For example, “I liked how you raised your had today every time you had a question” or “tomorrow, I’d like you to spend 5 minutes (with a timer) working on your worksheet in class.”  Being specific will help the child to know specifically what to work on and what they did well.

Incorporating Technology

Teens and tweens are highly motivated by the use of technology.  Using technology in your behavior management strategy with students with ADD or ADHD can help you to provide consistency and reinforcement.  One way to do this would be to have the student create a Google Calendar.  This calendar can be shared between the teachers, parent, and student.  The student can update the calendar with information about homework, projects, and assessments.  They can also create an area that can be updated with a reflection on how the student felt the class or day went.  Teachers can then read and also add or post information about the behavior and academic goals for the student.  This type of strategy will also help for parent communication and can be integrated to be used through a cell phone or other cell applications.

Teachers and students could also use one of the many online point and reward sites.  These sites allow teachers (or parents) to track student behavior.  Once students reach a certain goal, they will earn various rewards or incentives that can be setup by the teacher.  One free site that is specifically designed for the classroom is KidsPoints.  On this site, a teacher can add all of their students into the program.  Each student would have a login and password.  The teacher then will add or remove points based on a set of criteria.  Once the student earns the required amount of points for the reward, they then can redeem it with the teacher.

Every student will need different modifications to help them to be successful both academically and behaviorally.  Trying out some of these creative techniques may be the key to a successful year in your classroom and help those students with ADD and ADHD be successful as well.

Online Resources for Teachers

  1. Online Stopwatch (helps to time activities, quiet time, and attention lengths)
  2. KidsPoints (online reward tracking system)
  3. Positive Reinforcement Checklist

Article By: Laura Ketcham

Picture By:telekommunist

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